Significado De Power Purchase Agreement

A Power Purchase Agreement (PPP) is a long-term agreement between a developer and a consumer on the purchase of energy. The Iberdrola Group has extensive experience in this sector in countries such as the United States, Mexico and Spain. An electricity purchase contract (AAE) or an electricity contract is a contract between two parties, one that produces electricity (the seller) and the other that wants to buy electricity (the buyer). The PPP sets out all the terms and conditions for the sale of electricity between the two parties, including when the project will begin operating commercially, electricity delivery schedule, delivery penalties, payment terms and termination. An AEA is the main agreement that defines the revenue and credit quality of a production project and is therefore a key instrument of project financing. There are many forms of PPA in Use Today and they vary according to the needs of the buyer, seller, and financing against the parties. [1] [2] Under an AEA, the purchaser is usually a utility company or a company that buys electricity to meet the needs of its customers. With the production distributed with a commercial variant of PPA, the buyer can be the occupant of the building – for example. B a business, a school or a government. Electricity distributors can also enter into AAEs with the seller.

AAE contracts (AAEs) can be affixed to them:[4] The AAE is often seen as a central document in the development of independent power generation units (power plants). Because it defines the revenue conditions for the project and the quality of the credit, it is essential for obtaining project financing without recourse. A new form of PPP has recently been proposed to commercialize electric vehicle charging stations through a bilateral form of electricity purchase contract. AAEs can be managed by service providers in the European market. Legal agreements between the national energy sectors (sellers) and the distributor (buyer/purchaser of large quantities of electricity) are treated as AAEs in the energy sector. Data center owners Amazon, Google and Microsoft have used PPAs to offset emissions and electricity consumption from cloud computing. Some manufacturers with high carbon footprints and energy consumption, such as Anheuser-Busch InBev, have also shown interest in PPAs. In 2017, Anheuser-Busch InBev agreed to purchase 220 MW of new wind farms in Mexico through an AEA from energy supplier Iberdrola. [12] An AAE is a long-term agreement to purchase clean energy from a given asset at a predetermined price between a renewable energy developer and a consumer – usually a company that needs large amounts of electricity – or between a developer and a supplier that then resells the energy. Signing an AEA can be interpreted as the sale of a project and its environmental attributes (original guarantees): it is a commitment that allows a renewable energy developer to make an investment decision using the criteria of profitability against risk and/or to obtain the necessary financing to carry out the project. In the case of decentralized production (where the generator is on a construction site and the energy is sold to the building occupants), commercial PPAs have developed as a variant allowing companies, schools and governments to source directly from the generator and not from the distribution company. This approach facilitates the financing of distribution-related production facilities, such as photovoltaics, micro-turbines, alternative piston engines and fuel cells.

The buyer generally requires the seller to guarantee that the project meets certain performance standards. Performance guarantees allow the buyer to plan accordingly when developing new facilities or when executing application plans, which also encourages the seller to keep appropriate records. In cases where the supplier`s delivery does not meet the buyer`s contractual energy needs, the seller is responsible

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