Luxembourg Agreement 1966

From July 1965 on, France boycotted a series of Commission proposals concerning, inter alia, the financing of the common agricultural policy, Council meetings and insisted on political agreement on the role of the Commission and majority voting if it participated again. This episode in European history is known as the “empty chair crisis”. This crisis was resolved thanks to the Luxembourg Compromise (January 1966) which stipulated that “when vital interests of one or more countries are at stake, the members of the Council shall endeavour to find solutions which can be adopted by all while respecting their mutual interests”. The fact that the Federal Constitutional Court refers precisely to the Luxembourg compromise is remarkable for several reasons. First, it is surprising that a court that is part of the German legalistic tradition refers to the authority of informal rules or agreements. Secondly, the German Government has always been a principled opponent of the `Luxembourg veto`. Footnote 19 However, the German Court of Justice seems to require the government to rely on it, in certain circumstances, to block a majority decision. footnote 20 22 Rudolf Streinz, Europarecht, 10. Auftn (C.F. Müller 2016) pp. 123-125; See also Matthias Ruffert`s comment on the BVerfG`s reference to the compromise: “The reference to the Luxembourg compromise in this context (see point 171), a Eurosceptic fossil from the time of a General de Gaulle refers (1966!), which in any case no longer has any legal value today, would have been better to remain an excitement in the coffee break between the deliberations of the Senate. My god! , visited on January 9, 2017. The common agricultural policy was born out of the Treaties of Rome.

The CAP was partially reformed in 1966 following the empty chair crisis and the Luxembourg compromise. CAP policy is adopted by qualified majority, a provision of the Luxembourg compromise. [12] The CAP has created an international agricultural organisation that sets prices for market products such as fruit, vegetables, sugar and cereals. [13] The other objectives of the CAP are to increase agricultural productivity, guarantee farmers` standard of living, stabilise markets and provide supplies available at reasonable prices for consumers. [14] 5″As far as Europe is concerned, I will tell you what point we have reached and what I think in the light of the agreement reached in Luxembourg. We believe that the agreement between the six governments is welcome, even salutary. For the first time since the beginning of the common market affair, we have openly moved away from the myth that the economic organisation of Europe is a matter for a body other than the States, with all their power and responsibility. The issue has been successfully dealt with by the External Foreign Ministers in Brussels, because we have expressly recognised that political foundations and decisions are a necessary part of a prosperous economic order, because these bases and decisions fall solely within the competence of States and States and because it is for each Government to decide whether the measures they proposed were in line with the essential interests of their country. .

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